Drug addiction: a growing mental and physical health problem

Drug use today is increasingly common. According to the World Drug Report 2021, published annually by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), nearly 275 million people used drugs in the world during the last year.

Risks of addiction

It is true that Not all people who use drugs become addicts., since each person’s body and brain are different and, therefore, the reaction to drugs is different. It may happen that those who consume do not create the habit, however, the chemical reactions in the brain when consuming stend to create addiction, since the consumption of substances is highly stimulating.

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Drug abuse can lead to addiction, which constitutes a chronic brain disease and implies that the person repeatedly consumes a substance without considering or caring about the damage that the substance can cause on a physical or mental level.

There are numerous substances that can cause addiction, among them, the so-called “hard drugs” and “soft drugs” although this division is usually controversial. Not all addictive substances are illegal. We know that substances like caffeinehe sugar or the alcohol or tobacco They can be too.

What substances can cause addiction?

Drug addiction can occur with any of the following substances:

  • anabolic steroids
  • Inhalants
  • Methamphetamines
  • Cocaine
  • Heroin
  • club drugs
  • Opioids
  • Dope
  • Tobacco

The possible treatments for drug addiction are different and include psychotherapy, counseling, group therapy, medication among others. In cases of substance addiction, it is important to seek help from health professionals. The prevention of consumption is also recommended.

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Currently there are numerous prevention and education programs on consumption.

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